Yang Su, Xin Huang, Ling Li, Zahir Ahsan Muhammad, Meilin Li, Tengda Zheng, Zhe Guo, Yue Zhang, Xiaoying Ye, Xiaomei Jia, Faiz Hussain Panhwar, Myo Thuzar Tun, and Jianqing Zhu*
Foods 2023, 12(8), 1656
Cadmium (Cd), a highly toxic heavy metal for crops in China, poses a significant threat to rice cultivation. It is crucial to identify the genotypes with robust resistance to heavy metals, including Cd, in rice. The experiment was conducted to examine the mitigation effect of silicon (Si) on Cd toxicity levels in Se-enriched Z3055B and non-Se-enriched G46B rice genotypes. A basal dose of Si improved the growth and the quality of rice significantly by reducing the Cd content in rice roots, stems, leaves and grains and increased the yield, biomass and selenium (Se) content of brown rice in both genotypes. Additionally, Se content in brown rice and polished rice was notably higher in Se-enriched rice than in non-Se-enriched rice, with the highest amount at 0.129 mg/kg and 0.085 mg/kg, respectively. The results demonstrated that a basal fertilizer concentration of 30 mg/kg of Si was more effective in reducing Cd transport from roots to shoots in Se-enriched rice than in non-Se-enriched rice genotypes. Therefore, it can be concluded that Se-enriched rice genotypes are a viable option for food crop production in Cd-contaminated areas.
Keywords: silicon fertilizer; cadmium pollution; bio-fortification; translocation; Se-enriched rice